Hormone & metabolism centre in Mainz: information about hair loss
Alopecia as a consequence of hormone disorders and other causes
Hair loss is a frequent and onerous symptom for the individual patient and has a multitude of different causes. It is important to know that hair loss usually only occurs three months after the hair roots have been damaged.
A distinction is made between Jonston’s alopecia and diffuse hair loss. Jonston’s alopecia is usually due to negative stress and is an autoimmune disease of the hair roots. It is not caused by a hormone disorder. However, concomitant hormone disorders are often found in patients with Jonston’s alopecia or total hair loss.
Diffuse alopecia can be stress-related, diet-related or caused by medication. Hair loss is also caused by a hormone disorder, primarily a thyroid gland dysfunction. Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can cause hair loss. Androgenetic alopecia is caused by an overhang of male hormones in females, and is physiological in males. It can be treated with anti-androgenic drugs.